Aikenhead, G., Brokofsky, J., Bodnar, T., Clark, C., Foley, C., Strange, G. (2014). Enhancing school science with Indigenous knowledge: What we know from teachers and research. Saskatoon, Canada: Saskatoon Public School Division.

 Aikenhead. G., & Michell, H. (2010). Bridging cultures: Indigenous and scientific ways of knowing nature. Don Mills, Ontario, Canada: Pearson Education.

Al-Azawi, R., Al-Faliti, F., & Al-Blushi, M. (2016). Educational Gamification Vs. Game Based Learning: Comparative Study. International Journal Of Innovation, Management And Technology, 131-136. doi: 10.18178/ijimt.2016.7.4.659

 Alberta Regional Professional Development Consortia (ARPDC). Empowering the Spirit. Internet: <>

Anderson, R. K., Boaler, J., & Dieckmann, J. A. (2018). Achieving elusive teacher change through challenging myths about learning: A blended approach. education sciences, 8(98), 1-33.

 Anderson, A., & Valero, P. (2016). Negotiating critical pedagogical discourses stories of contexts, mathematics and agency. In Ernest, P., Sriraman, B., & Ernest, N. (Eds.), Critical Mathematics Education: Theory, Praxis and Reality (pp. 199-225). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing

 Barta, J., Eglash, R., & Barkley, C. (2014). Introduction. In J. Barta, R. Eglash & C. Barkley (Eds.), Math is a verb: Activities and lessons from cultures around the world (pp. 1-7). Reston, VA: National Council of a Teachers of Mathematics.

 Battiste, M. (2002) Indigenous Knowledge and Pedagogy in First Nations Education: A Literature Review with Recommendations,  Ottawa, ON: National Working Group on Education and the Minister of Indian Affairs, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC)

Bellringer, C. (2019). Progress audit: The education of Aboriginal students in the B.C. public school system. Victoria, B.C.: Office of the Auditor General of British Columbia. 

Bishop, A. J. (1988). The interactions of mathematics education with culture. Cultural Dynamics, 1(2). 145-157.

Black, Paul & Wiliam, Dylan (2010). Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment. Phi Delta Kappan . DOI:10.1177/003172171009200119. Internet : <>

Boaler, J. (2013). Ability and mathematics: The mindset revolution that is reshaping education. FORUM, 55(1), 143-152.

Boaler, J. et al. (n.d). Brain Science – YouCubed.  Internet:

Boaler, J. et al. (n.d). Growth Mindset – YouCubed.  Internet:

Boaler, J. et al. (n.d)). Parents’ Beliefs about Math Change Their Children’s Achievement – YouCubed. Internet:

Boaler, J.  (n.d).Setting Up Positive Norms in Math Class.  Internet:

Boaler, J. et al. (n.d). Thought Leaders – YouCubed. Internet:

Boaler, J. et al. (n.d). Anyone Can Learn to High Levels – YouCubed. Internet:

Boaler, J. & Chen, L. (2016). « Why Kids Should Use Their Fingers in Math Class: ». The Atlantic. Internet:

Boaler, J., & Confer, A. (2017). Assessment for a growth mindset. Stanford, CA: You Cubed at Stanford. Internet:

Boaler, J., & Selling, S. (2017). Psychological imprisonment or intellectual freedom? A longitudinal study of contrasting school mathematics approaches and their impact on adults’ lives. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 48(1), 78-105

Brokenleg, M. & Van Bockern, S. (2003). The Science of Raising Courageous Kids, Reclaiming Children and Youth. Reclaiming Children and Youth 12:1, pp. 22-27. Internet:

Buehl, D. (2017). Developing Readers in the Academic Disciplines, 2nd edition. York, Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.

Card, David & Payne, A. Abigail. (2021). High School Choices and the Gender Gap in STEM. Economic Inquiry, Vol. 59, No. 1, 9-28. With Online Early Publication Sept. 25, 2020. Internet:

Chappuis, J., & Stiggins, R. (2016). An introduction to student-involved assessment for learning (7th ed.). Pearson.

 Curtis, D.  et Carter, M. (2003). Designs for living and learning: Transforming early childhood environments. St. Paul (Minn.) : Redleaf Press.

Davies, A., Herbst, S. and Parrott Reynolds, B. (2011)Leading the Way to Assessment for Learning: A Practical Guide, Second Edition, Courtenay, BC: Connections Publishing and Bloomington IN: Solution Tree Press. 

Doolittle, E. (2006, June). Mathematics as Medicine. In P. Liljedahl (Ed.), Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Canadian Mathematics Education Study Group (pp. 17-25). Calgary, Alberta, Canada: University of Calgary.

Duncan, Greg J. et al. (2007a). School Readiness and Later Achievement. Developmental Psychology, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1428–1446. DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.6.1428 . Internet : < 

Duncan, Greg J. et al. (2007b). Supplemental Material for School Readiness and Later Achievement. Developmental Psychology, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1428–1446.[0012-1649.43.6.1428].supp 

Ernest, P. (2016). Mathematics and values. In B. Larvor (Ed.), Mathematical cultures. Basel, Switzerland. Springer International Publishing.

Estrin, E. T., & Nelson-Barber, S. (1995). Issues in cross-cultural assessments: American Indian and Alaska Native students. Knowledge Brief, 12. San Francisco, CA: WestEd (formerly Far West Laboratory). Internet:  

Faber, J., Luyten, H., & Visscher, A. (2017). The effects of a digital formative assessment tool on mathematics achievement and student motivation: Results of a randomized experiment. Computers & Education, 106, 83-96. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2016.12.001

First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC). Internet:

First Nations University of Canada. (n.d.) National Centre for Collaboration in Indigenous Education (NCCIE).  Internet: <>

Four Directions – Teacher’s Resource Kit. Internet:

Fullan, M., Quinn, J., & McEachen, J. (2018). Deep learning: Engage the world; change the world. Thousands Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Gabriel Dumont Institute. Strengthening Our Voice: A Guide for Engaging First Nations and Métis Peoples in Public Schools. Internet:

Gersten, R., Beckmann, S., Clarke, B., Foegen, A., Marsh, L., Star, J. R., & Witzel, B. (2009). Assisting students struggling with mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for elementary and middle schools (NCEE 2009-4060). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Internet:

Goulet, Linda M.Goulet & Keith N. (2014). Teaching Each Other Nehinuw Concepts & Indigenous Pedagogies. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Hattie, J., & Clarke, S. (2018). Visible learning: Feedback. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group

Hattie, J., Fisher, D., Frey, N., Gojak, L., Delano Moore, S., & Mellman, W. (2016). Visible learning for mathematics, grades K-12: what works best to optimize student learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Mathematics

How Parents Can Help with Math at Home | Brant Haldimand Norfolk Catholic District School Board. (n.d.). Retrieved 4 July 2020, from

Humphreys, Cathy and Parker, Ruth. (2015).  Making Number Talks Matter: Developing Mathematical Practices and Deepening Understanding, Grades 3-10.  Portsmouth, NH: Stenhouse Publishers. 

Joseph, R., & Joseph, C. (2019). Indigenous relations: Insights, Tips, and Suggestions to Make Reconciliation a Reality. indigenous Relations Press/Page Two Books.

Kitchen, M. (2016a). Show Students the Real Purpose of Math. Retrieved 10 July 2020, Internet:

Kitchen, M. (2016b). Answering the question: When am I ever going to use this? (NCTM Blog). Internet:

 Larson, M. (2016, October 25). Bringing needed coherence and focus to high school mathematics. News & Calendar. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Internet:

Lee, O., Santau, A., & Maerten-Rivera, J. (2011). Science and literacy assessments with English language learners. In M. Basterra, E. Trumbull, & G. Solano-Flores (Eds.), Cultural validity in assessment: Addressing linguistic and cultural diversity (pp. 254-274). New York: Routledge.

 Liljedahl, P. (2020). Building Thinking Classrooms in Mathematics, Grades K-12: 14 Practices for Enhancing Learning. Thousand Oaks,California: Corwin Press, Inc.

Macaulay, A. (2015). Effective practices in Grade 9 Applied Mathematics (Doctoral dissertation submitted to the University of Toronto).

Magnuson, Katherine & Duncan, Greg J. (2011). The Nature and Impact of Early Achievement Skills, Attention Skills, and Behavior Problems. In Greg J. Duncan & Richard J. Murnane (Eds.), Whither Opportunity?: Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances (pp. 47–69). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

 Marzano, R., & Pickering, D. (2005). Building academic vocabulary Teacher’s Manual. Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

McCaffrey, T. (2016). Rethinking the Gradual Release of Responsibility Model. (NTCM Blog) Retrieved from

Meyer, S., Aikenhead, G., Cardinal, K., Sylvester, D., & View, T. Culture-Based School Mathematics for Reconciliation and Professional Development | McDowell Foundation. Internet:<—indigenous-culture-based-sch-math.pdf OR <

Ministry of Education, Sk. (2018). Inspiring Success: First Nations and Métis PreK-12 Education Policy Framework. Internet: <>

 Munson, Jen, (2018).  In the Moment: Conferring in the Elementary Classroom  Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann

 Murray, J. (2012). Education is the new buffalo. NetNewsLedger. Internet: from

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Calculator Use in Elementary Grades. Internet:

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2014). Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All. Reston, VA: NTCM. 

Nonesuch, K. (2008). Family Math Fun. Retrieved 5 July 2020, from

Ohio State University. (2014, December 10). It doesn’t add up: People who say they are good at math, but aren’t. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 19, 2020 from

Parrish, S. (2010). Number Talks: Helping Children Build Mental Math and Computation  Strategies, Grades K-5Sausalito, CA.: Math Solutions

 Picha, G. (2018). Effective Technology Use in Math Class. Retrieved 5 July 2020, from

Pierce, K. (2019). Magnitude Of Number: Where Does 1 Billion Go On The Number Line? – Math is Visual. Internet: 

Ruef, J. L. (2017, September 29). You’re all ‘math people,’ but you just didn’t know it. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from

Saul, J. (2015) The Comeback : How Aboriginals Are Reclaiming Power and Influence. Canada: Viking.

Seeley, C. (2017). Turning Teaching Upside Down – Educational Leadership. Internet:

Skovsmose, O.; & Greer, B. (2012). Opening the cage? Critical agency in the face of uncertainty. In O. Skovsmose & B. Greer (Eds.), Opening the cage: Critique and politics of mathematics education (pp. 369-386). Boston: Sense Publishers.

Small, M. (2010). Big Ideas from Dr. Small: Creating a Comfort Zone for Teaching Mathematics Grades Kindergarten – 3. Toronto: Nelson Education Ltd.

Small, Marian. (2008).  Making Math Meaningful to Canadian Students, K-8. Toronto, ON : Nelson Education.

Solano-Flores, G., & Nelson-Barber, S. (2001). On the cultural validity of science assessments. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 38, 553-573.

Stein, A. (1971). Strategies for failure. Harvard Educational Review, 41, 133-179.

Stiggins, R. & O’Connor, K. (2007). Grading & Reporting in Standards-Based Schools DVD Package. Assessment Training Institute Series. Portland, OR: Pearson.

Think Indigenous – Online Indigenous Education K-8. YouTube. (2020). Internet:

Trumbull, E., & Solano-Flores, G. (2011). The role of language in assessment. In M. Basterra, E. Trumbull, & G. Solano-Flores (Eds.), Cultural validity in assessment: Addressing linguistic and cultural diversity (pp. 22-45). New York: Routledge.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action. (2015). Internet:

University of Regina. (n.d.). Aboriginal Perspectives. Internet

University of Toronto. Research guides: Infusing Indigenous Perspectives in K-12 Teaching: Lesson Plans. Retrieved 5 July 2020, from

Van de Walle, John A., Bay-Williams, J. M., Lovin, L. H., & Karp, K. S. (2017). Teaching student-centered mathematics: Developmentally appropriate instruction for grades 6-8 (Volume III), Third edition, Student-Centered Mathematics Series. Pearson.

Vaudrey, M. (2012). The Mullet Ratio. Retrieved 12 June 2020, from

White, B., & Frederiksen, J. (1998). Inquiry, Modeling, and Metacognition: Making Science Accessible to All Students. Cognition And Instruction, 16(1), 3-118. doi: 10.1207/s1532690xci1601_2

Copyright © SaskMATH 2021